Guide Key Concepts in Health Psychology (Key Concepts (Sage))

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Download flyer Recommend to Library. Description Contents Reviews Preview While current textbooks in health psychology offer the reader some conceptual reasoning about different aspects of the discipline, there is no one source which provides an accessible, navigable and cross-referenced analysis of the major models and ideas in health psychology. This is a good introductory book which is well laid out and easy to read.

Ms Elaina Taylor. Psychology , West Suffolk College. December 10, Report this review. Gives solid basis for course. Mrs Marcia Louise Dewar. Miss Sharron Stillyards. July 8, Dr Kyle Dyer. Addictions, Kings College. May 14, Dr Alberto Corizzo. October 10, Albery, I.

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Albery, Ian P. Key Concepts in Health Psychology. SAGE Knowledge. Have you created a personal profile? Login or create a profile so that you can create alerts and save clips, playlists, and searches. Please log in from an authenticated institution or log into your member profile to access the email feature. View Copyright Page. Apart from any fair dealing for the purposes of research or private study, or criticism or review, as permitted under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, , this publication may be reproduced, stored or transmitted in any form, or by any means, only with the prior permission in writing of the publishers, or in the case of reprographic reproduction, in accordance with the terms of licenses issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency Enquiries concerning reproduction outside those terms should be sent to the publishers.

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  • And in memory of Rowland, the last of the Starkeys. Health psychology is one of the fastest growing disciplines in psychology but remains in its early years. Very few textbooks or journals, let alone societies devoted to the study of health psychology, existed prior to the late s to early s.

    By the twenty-first century, and our putting pen to paper for the production of this book, health psychology had matured significantly into its adolescence. Psychological societies and associations around the world have their own divisions or sections devoted to the discipline.

    A General Theory of Behaviour: A key principle of Psychological Homeostasis

    Each of these societies have the general aim to study psychological processes of health, illness and well being in order to understand and implement the promotion and maintenance of health, to prevent illness and augment outcomes for those affected by illness, as well as to provide evidence that can be used to improve local and international healthcare systems and as such inform healthcare policy.

    Major international journals have also been established to report specifically research related to the psychology of health e. Health Psychology and Psychology and Health , many international and national conferences are organized so that researchers from around the world can converse about new and interesting findings and ideas, and it seems virtually infeasible to think that these days there are many universities around the world that do not offer courses or modules in health psychology.

    In parallel with the development of health psychology as an academic discipline providing applied empirical evidence for understanding psychological processes in health, there have also been significant moves in the maturity of health psychology as a profession. This has resulted in the development of health psychology competencies and professional skills to [Page xvii] present the boundaries within which health psychologists should be expected to work and to which they should adhere. These include research competencies e.

    Once a person has demonstrated these competencies to a governing body they can be approved as a professional health psychologist. In the UK achieving these competencies takes places via what is known as Stage 1 and Stage 2 training. Stage 1 training involves the postgraduate study of the core theories, models, methods and evidence in health psychology and as such provides core knowledge. This stage can be undertaken by successfully completing a BPS approved postgraduate qualification at a university.

    Stage 2 comprises supervised practice in which the individual is expected to show evidence of the core competencies e. But the story does not end there. Being an effective, competent, professional health psychologist, or indeed any other professional, means that you have to keep abreast of new information, new intervention techniques, contemporary legislation, and the like, in order to maintain the highest standards of professional practice.

    So, I'm a chartered health psychologist but what kind of jobs can I do? Among many other examples health psychologists work as part of a multidisciplinary team in clinical and research practice. It is not uncommon to find a health psychologist in healthcare services such as in medical departments. They work in health promotion departments providing expert knowledge in the identification of core psychological factors that, for instance, lead people to behave in unhealthy ways, as well as having an important input into the design and evaluation of health promotion activities.

    You will also find them in university departments training aspiring health psychologists and undertaking health-related research which can be disseminated to the wider audience — just like us.

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    Some even write books! Concepts are mental tools that we use when we are thinking about a subject. Conceptual thinking enables us to organize, catalogue, evaluate, interpret and explain the issue or [Page xviii] topic we are interested in. While current textbooks in health psychology offer the reader some conceptual reasoning about different aspects of a discipline, there is no single source which provides a detailed conceptual analysis of current issues and debates, and theories and models, in health psychology.

    This type of conceptual analysis also allows the learner to create meaningful relations among many related facts and ideas, which is essential for a full and critically discerning appreciation of an area of study. In addition, health psychology concerns evidence and concepts drawn from a multitude of perspectives including those based on biological systems, cognitive or thinking systems, emotional systems and social systems.

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    As such this book aims to offer the reader the opportunity to engage with a full range of approaches and methods in contemporary health psychology, and importantly, to be able to appreciate the relationships between each. Only when a person is able to appreciate the discipline in this way are they able to view the discipline of health psychology in its entirety. To achieve these aims we have included chapters in the book which can be thought of as cataloguing an overarching theme or unit of description in health psychology. In the first part of the book we have included chapters that detail concepts relevant for the understanding of how health psychology can be defined Chapter 1 and also what sorts of research methods and measurement techniques are used to study psychology and health Chapter 2.

    The next part of the book introduces key explanatory approaches in health psychology by examining social cognitive models and theories Chapter 3 , biologically based factors and models Chapter 4 and approaches that have detailed factors that describe individual differences between people in their health behaviour and experience Chapter 5. Chapter 6 identifies key concepts and approaches that have been used to study thinking processes and beliefs among people who are actually experiencing illness, whilst the following three chapters consider the psychology of long-term and short-term experience for a number of illnesses, and the health outcomes associated with those illnesses Chapter 7 — acute and chronic illnesses; Chapter 8 — pain; Chapter 9 — addictive behaviours.

    In the final chapter we turn our attention to key concepts in health promotion interventions for people who are or who are not ill. We consider health promotion activities, adherence and persuasion processes, as well as the role of communication between the patient and care provider as fundamental concepts. Within each of these chapters we have then identified a number of key concepts that have been the focus of debate, research and enquiry among those interested in the psychology of health.

    Each concept is presented and explored according to four key components. We first detail the contemporary meaning of a concept and then place it in its [Page xix] historical and applied position in the discipline by discussing the origin of the term.

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    In effect we are asking the question what does the concept mean and where did it come from? Then we detail how the concept is currently used and understood by providing the reader with an analysis of current debates and empirical evidence in relation to the concept.

    Finally we examine how relevant the concept is in the discipline per se by examining its significance to health psychology. In designing the structure of the book and in the identification and selection of the key concepts used we have made every attempt to be as inclusive as possible in the generation of themes and concepts relevant for contemporary health psychology.

    Cross-referencing among concepts and a few examples of further reading for each concept is also provided so that the interested reader is able to identify and refer to related concepts and approaches, and explore the ideas presented in greater detail if they want to.

    In addition, we have included various figures, tables, images and text boxes which include further information designed to reinforce and make even clearer the meaning, development, current usage and significance of the concept to health psychology. The inclusion of a glossary of terms to provide a brief meaning of terms used in the text, and a complete reference section detailing all the published evidence cited for advanced study of primary reading material, completes the volume.

    We would like to thank the staff at Sage Publications, London, for their extremely well organized and thorough approach to the production of this book.

    Thanks for the sustained encouragement and for motivating us by buying us lovely lunches. Also thanks to Emily Jenner at Sage for answering publication questions that, on the face of it, are obvious but perplexing for confused academics such as ourselves. Your patience is appreciated. Department for Transport, United Kingdom, Think! We thank Wiley-Blackwell Publishing for granting us permission to use extracts from the following articles:. Appendix A from Verplanken, B. McKenna, F. We thank The Open University Press Publishing Company for granting us permission to use extracts from the following articles:.

    Key Concepts in Health Psychology

    Rutter, D. Changing Health Behaviour Chapter 10 , p , Figure Chapter 10 , p , Figure While every effort has been made to trace the owners of copyright material, in a few cases this has proved difficult and we take this opportunity to offer our apologies to any copyright holder whose rights we have unwittingly infringed. ACE models Genetic models which indicate the proportion of additive genetic A , common environmental C and unique environmental E variance which accounts for observed phenotypic variance.

    Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome A serious often fatal disease of the immune system transmitted through bodily fluids, and in particular blood products, especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles in intravenous drug users. Acute A condition having a short or rapid onset and lasting for a distinct and typically short period.